Category: Philosophy

BELIEF

BELIEF
Belief, which is our subject to-day, is the central
problem in
the analysis of mind. Believing seems the most
“mental” thing we
do, the thing most remote from what is done by mere
matter. The
whole intellectual life consists of beliefs, and of the passage
from one belief to another by what i

INTROSPECTION

INTROSPECTION
One of the main purposes of these lectures is to give
grounds for
the belief that the distinction between mind and matter
is not so
fundamental as is commonly supposed. In the preceding
lecture I
dealt in outline with the physical side of this problem.
I
attempted to show that what we

PRAGMATICS CONTRASTED WITH SEMANTICS

PRAGMATICS CONTRASTED WITH
SEMANTICS
Semantics,
as we have already seen, is a branch of linguistics devoted to the study of
meaning. Since both semantics and pragmatics deal with ‘meaning’, the question
that can be raised is then: What is meaning?
TASK: paraphrase the various meanings of the noun ‘

ISSUES OF TRANSCRIPTION

ISSUES OF TRANSCRIPTION
CA,
who place a great emphasis on the use of naturally occurring data, view
transcripts as ‘representation’ of the data, while the tape itself is viewed as
the ‘reproduction’ of a social event. The transcription of the data is
considered part of the analysis itself. There is

SPEECH ACT THEORY

SPEECH ACT THEORY
It is
important to realize that pragmatics, as mentioned in the introductory section,
is a different view on the same linguistic resources as the other components of
linguistics look into. To understand the meaning of a linguistic message we
certainly rely on the syntactic structu

CATEGORIES by Aristotle

350 BC
CATEGORIES
by
Aristotle
translated
by E. M. Edghill
1
Things are said to be named
‘equivocally’ when, though they have a
common name, the definition corresponding with the name differs for
each. Thus, a real man and a figure in a picture can both lay claim to
the name ‘animal’; yet these are

Pragmatism

Pragmatism
Pragmatism is the American
philosophy founded by Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914), and made popular by
William James (1842-1910). Peirce was a cantankerous genius who obtained some
employment in the Harvard Observatory and the US Coast and Geodesic survey,
both thanks to his father, th

SENSATIONS AND IMAGES

SENSATIONS AND IMAGES
The dualism of mind and matter, if we have been right so
far,
cannot be allowed as metaphysically valid. Nevertheless,
we seem
to find a certain dualism, perhaps not ultimate, within
the world
as we observe it. The dualism is not primarily as to the
stuff of
the world, but as

THE ULTIMATE HITCHHIKER’S GUIDE

DOUGLAS ADAMS
THE ULTIMATE
HITCHHIKER’S GUIDE
Complete &
Unabridged
Contents:
·        
Introduction:
·        
The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the
Galaxy
·        
The Restaurant at the End of the
Universe
·        
Life, the Universe and Everything
¬∑¬†¬†¬†¬†¬

A surrogate for truth

A surrogate for truth
`Mob psychology’ – that is how
Imre Lakatos (1922-74)
carica ¬≠tured Kuhn’s account of
science. `Scientific method (or “logic of discovery”), conceived as
the discipline of rational appraisal of scientific theories – and of criteria
of progress – vanishes. We may of course sti